The three cases outlined in
the previous section are examples of where an opportunity to produce a
sustainable frugal product has been achieved. The majority of the population
are lacking basic needs such as water, food and shelter. Each of the cases aims
to solve one of these issues its reported that the majority of African
countries are living in worse conditions now than in the 1970s (UNDP, 2007).
All the companies discussed have a similar ethos when it comes to their goal of
improving the quality of living, all have aims that focus solely on benefiting
the poor people of Africa. The key points that the analysis shows are that in
each case study frugal innovation has been able to impact the lives of the
people in each country they operate in for the better.
The results of this report
focus specifically on the definitions and characteristics of Frugal innovation
in Africa and if there is a correlation with sustainability, a theme which
hasn’t been discussed in its entirely in research before.
Both the Literature review
and Analysis has identified and recognized the problems that Africa has and their
need for more frugal innovations. Frugal innovation in Africa can be
sustainable and the research has proven this statement, with the use of local
and recycled resources both in the product itself and the manufacturing
process, a frugal product can be sustainable and really benefit the people it’s
being built for. It is possible to achieve social and environmental sustainability
through frugal innovation.
There are some limitations
to the report including the use of some cases that may not have been recorded
from the literature even though a systematic searching approach was adopted,
also there are a large volume of cases that add further weight to the argument
of, if frugal innovation
can be sustainable in Africa although they are missing from the analysis.
The study has shed light on
the benefit frugal innovation has not only to the consumer but also the greater
impact on environmental and social sustainability which is a characteristic
that isn’t often found in the previous alternatives. Goals for the future in
Africa should be for all low-income families to have access to clean water,
affordable housing and the ability to cook for themselves.
Ways to improve the current
situation is for more educated young people to stay within their countries and
try innovating new products to impact and benefit the people of their area,
once this has been achieved reverse innovation can be used to expand and
benefit the surrounding countries or internationally as LEDC’s suffer from the
same issues globally and frugal sustainable innovations can be a tool to help.
A measurable goal that can be monitored is Africa’s
economic growth the figures for 2018 are likely to reach 3.7% (IMF.org, 2017),
an achievable goal is by 2020 figure to be 4.0 at-least and the number of
people living without housing and electricity is reduced from 589 million (Children