Artificial intelligence (AI) is the
intelligence that is exhibited by machines. In computer science field, AI
defines as the study of “intelligent agents”. An intelligent agents
defines any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that
maximize its chance of success at some goal.
Artificial intelligence was founded in 1956,
and in the years since AI has experienced several waves of optimism. Also, AI
research has been divided into subfields that often fail to communicate with
each other. However, in the early 21st century statistical approaches to
machine learning became successful enough to eclipse all other tools,
approaches, problems and schools of thought.
The field was founded on the claim that human
intelligence can be so precisely described that a machine can be made to
simulate it. This raises philosophical arguments about the nature of the mind
and the ethics of creating artificial beings endowed with human-like
intelligence, issues which have been explored by myth, fiction and philosophy
since antiquity. Some people also consider AI a danger to humanity if it
Following are the goals of artificial
Reasoning and problem solving
Natural language processing
Motion and Manipulation
10. General intelligence
Applications of Artificial
Artificial intelligence, defined as
intelligence exhibited by machines, has many applications in today’s society.
The form of AI where programs are developed to perform specific tasks, that is
being utilized for a wide range of activities including medical diagnosis,
electronic trading, robot control, and remote sensing.
Following are the applications for artificial
Military: In the military
field, “smart bombs” were guided by using remote control camera systems
directed to the intended target. “Unmanned drone aircraft” were used for
missiles fly military missions and launch weapons from a distance.
Science: Development of new
drugs were modeled for clinical studies in animals and humans. Remote
controlled surgical procedures were used for robotics and computer-based
Industrial: Cameras and
computers are placed on assembly lines to find defects for the machine vision
inspection and robotic systems.
Business: Macros are created
for computer mimics the programmer’s actions and for advanced financial
Consumer: It is used for
personal computers and computer applications for IBM and Apple.
Future of artificial
The future of AI is really unknown and the
researchers seem to disagree on a lot of the same issues. With the rate at
which technology is improving it is logical to believe AI will continue to get
more and more sophisticated.
Over the years artificial intelligence is
getting exponentially more sophisticated in video games. Now artificial
intelligences are able to react with an “intelligence” that simulates the
computer as a human. They are also able to respond to voice commands.