Avery Gouges was born known as Marie Gouze, and

Avery SmithMs. StewartWorld History5 January 2018Olympe de Gouges”Woman is born free and lives equal to man in her rights. Social distinctions can be based only on the common utility” (Olympe). Purpose: to learn more about Olympe de Gouges and her impact on Women’s rights. Marie-Olympe de Gouges was the greatest enlightenment thinker because her effort in women’s rights created the foundation for feminism and influenced a great deal of women in the future to stand up for their rights. Olympe de Gouges was born known as Marie Gouze, and was a French playwright, but is better known for being a political activist. As tension grew in France, she became an advocate for improving slave conditions and women’s rights. She began to write pamphlets, and was very outspoken in her fight. During the Reign of Terror she was executed by guillotine for attacking the government’s regime and because of her relationship with the Girondists. 1748-1793 (45 years). Montauban, Quebec. Anne-Olympe Mouisset and Jean Jacques Le Franc. Sent to Ursulines, a convent where women could receive basic knowledge, such as reading and writing, during her adolescence. Married to Louis Aubrey (1765-1766). Gave birth to son, Pierre Aubrey de Gouge. Moved to Paris in 1770, changed name to Olympe de Gouges. (Almanac).She spurred the idea of equal women’s rights. Olympe de Gouges biggest accomplishment during the Revolution was writing the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen, in 1791. It addressed things that had been left out of the French Constitution of 1791, like legal equality in marriage, the right of a woman to divorce her husband, a woman’s right to property, and many other topics. In 1784 she wrote Zamore and Mirza, an anti-slavery play. She joined the Society of the Friends of Truth in 1791, and at a meeting made her famous statement, “A woman has the right to mount the scaffold. She must possess equally the right to mount the speaker’s platform.” She was one of the first women to take a stand against the government, and she was very brave to do so, especially in a time like the Reign of Terror. De Gouges helped to spark the Women’s Rights Movement, but paid for all the risks she had taken when she was executed by guillotine in November of 1793. Declaration of the Rights of Women was written to reveal the sex inequality shown by the French government. It was written in response to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, which was highly influenced by Thomas Jefferson and General Lafayette in America. Olympe de Gouges did not only influence the way people thought about women in Europe, but in America as well. (Encyclopedia). Today de Gouges is still a poster child for Women’s rights and Equality. She is remembered for her courage, integrity, and dedication to her beliefs. One of the biggest influence she has on today is the right to divorce. Until she started to fight, no one had even thought about giving a woman the right to divorce her husband if she was being mistreated. Today women have the right to divorce their husband for many reasons, and men have the same rights. She also addressed the issue of illegitimacy, and said that a child born out of wedlock could take the father’s name, if that is what the mother would choose. Today this still applies because women do have the choice of what name to give their child. De Gouges also said that wealth and property should be distributed equally between a husband and wife. This is well known now, and women have the right to own their own land as well. Olympe also fought for the woman’s rights to be involved in politics. Without her ideas and fight, this might not have been considered as soon as it was. Some examples of women politicians today are Hillary Clinton, Angela Merkel, Sarah Palin, etc. de Gouges helped to make it possible for women to have equal rights as men, and she came up with many ideas that influenced the fight for equality for women. (Olympe). The Declaration of the Rights of Women created a base for feminism. Olympe de Gouges suggests that men and women should live equally; women have the same natural, inalienable, and sacred rights that men do. The document goes on to state the duties of women. The document encouraged women to unify and stand up for their rights. This made women feel empowered to stand up for themselves, creating the base for feminism.The facts about her true parentage are somewhat vague, and de Gouges herself contributed to the confusion by encouraging rumours about her illegitimacy. Abandoning her son, de Gouges went to Paris in 1770 to seek fame as a writer. For her pen name, she chose simply Olympe de Gouges, a variation of both her mother and father’s names. In an attempt to escape the guillotine blade, de Gouges claimed she was pregnant. She was examined by doctors and midwives, who determined that her claim was false. Her husband died 1768, a year after the birth of their son, Pierre; Marie was actually quite relieved because she despised him. At the guillotine, she mounted the scaffold without tears and said to the crowd, “Children of the Fatherland, you will avenge my death”. ¬†Olympe couldn’t recite the alphabet! (Encyclopedia). Works CitedGouges, Olympe de. Oeuvres. Edited by Beno√≠te Groult. Paris, 1986.HESSE, CARLA. “Marie-Olympe De Gouges.” Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, edited by John Merriman and Jay Winter, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2006. Biography in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K3446900357/BIC1?u=stteresas&xid=d0d2a0e9. Accessed 4 Jan. 2018.”Marie-Olympe de Gouges.” Almanac of Famous People, Gale, 2011. Biography in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K1601065232/BIC1?u=stteresas&xid=340a48c4. Accessed 4 Jan. 2018.

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