is simply creations of the mind; uniqueness in inventions, artistic and
literary works. Since innovations are attributes of the abstract, proof of the
same is a requirement to avoid imposters claiming ownership. Policymakers and
economists understood this so they drafted laws that gave the creators
authority over their masterpieces. Patents, Trademarks and Trade Secrets became
legitimate documents granted to innovators; these were entries qualifying one
to claim for rewards in form of royalties granted by then rulers e.g. kings
(Kalanje, 2018). With rewards and immunity from copycats, fair competition
brought great discoveries of the era. This therefore brings our focus on how innovations
have provided solutions to challenges facing the universe today especially in
the field of science.
First, it is impossible
not mentioning the impact of technology in our lives today; be it from doing
that research online, cashless transactions of goods and services to enjoying
that big-cat hunting game in the savanna of Africa at the comfort of your home.
Man’s fascination with the mysteries of nature should be the reason he cares
for its sustenance. Dangers involved in gathering information firsthand in the
wild led to innovations on camera features. Initially scientists endured long
hours in forests in wait for that perfect shot if not long hours drive in
search of the wild. Later photographers managed to combine a camera; a
flashlight and an ingenious system of trip wires that had animals snap
themselves upon tripping the wires unknowingly. Modern cameras are a game
changer indeed; for they are solar powered and motion-sensitive instead of trip
wire, can be left unattended in the wild and some are even able to transmit
real-time images over cellular networks. This innovative use of cameras has
been rich source of raw data used by scientists to
measure biodiversity conservation, including watching for Venus flytrap poachers in North
Carolina’s Green Swamp (Byington, 2017).
has reduced the impact on how overfishing exploits fish species to the point of
extinction in our water sources. With the advancements in technology, now
scientists are able to capture data like real figures and species of fish
caught and measurements of each fish brought to the shores. This project
currently ongoing in the Western Central Pacific tuna fisheries among other
deep-water snappers and group fisheries is code named FishFace. This system is
able to share data needed by the sustainable fisheries management after
organizing collected data on the same (Byington, 2017).
Lastly, our planet
needs water for survival both by wildlife on land and sea. Depleting it could
mean erasure of life in the planet that is why its use should have a sense of
conservation. In as much as irrigation can sustain crop farming, it is also
logic and humane to try all possible ways to reduce amount of gallons wasted at
the expense of other creatures dependent on it. Native fish suffer when water
levels drop making life harder thus affecting their reproduction patterns to
greater extremes. Through intense research by use of modern technology i.e. combining
drones, computer applications and sensors; now farmers can arrive at accurate
findings on required field inputs (water, pesticides and fertilizer) per square
foot on land (Byington, 2017). These advancements are practiced and saving
billions of gallons of water for imperiled freshwater mussels in the Flint
River of Georgia thanks to The Nature Conservancy and partners.
Kalanje, Christopher M. Role of Intellectual Property in Innovation and
New Product Development
Accessed : 15th January, 2018.
Byington, Cara and Miller, Matthew L. 7 Science Innovations That Are
Changing Conservation, 2017.