Technology is needed. This include innovative adaptation of technologies

Technology adoption from
production to processing to distribution should be considered given that it has
minimal contribution to climate change. Adaptation and mitigation measures for
climate change are essential. Enhancing post harvesting processing to higher
value added products should also be considered. Inputs in the form of compost
can be utilized thus integrated farm management is applied. Efficient
resource use is a key to sustainability. The goal of sustainable agriculture is to reduce
waste thus maximize profit.

Based on the study of Altieri and Toledo 2011,  the spread of local agroecological
innovations whether the potential is scaled up to reach all the small farmers
of a region depends on the capacity of organizations and various actors
involved in agroecological revolution. Through their access to information, farmers
can gain agroecological knowledge regarding government services,  solidarity markets, land, seeds, etc.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Agroecological alternatives that suit the needs of small-scale producers
and the low-income non-farming population should be constructed. It should oppose
corporate control over production and consumption.  Rural social movements should focus on
restoring local food systems. The direct involvement of farmers and scientists
is important in formulating research agenda. This will motivate farmers to
actively participate in technological innovation and dissemination. Scientists
and researchers can facilitate in incorporating indigenous knowledge systems to
scientific knowledge system.

The
analyses of Tilma (2011), agricultural intensi?cation through technology
adaptation and transfer and enhancement of soil fertility in poorer nations
would greatly reduce these yield gaps. Sustainable agriculture provides a more
equitable global food supply, and greatly decrease the Greenhouse Gas  (GHG) emissions. Destruction of habitat is
reduced which can also reduce species extinction brought about by land
clearing. If environmental impacts will be smaller, the evaluations of Tilma
(2011) states that there will be a 100% increase from 2005 to 2050 in global
crop production.  This is feasible if
there are alternative pathways of global agricultural development that will
reap environmental bene?ts.

Signi?cant
investments in poorer nations is needed. This include innovative adaptation of
technologies to new soil types, climates, and pests as well as new
infrastructure   In Zimbabwe, for
instance, ?eld trials on >1,200 farms showed that technology transfer
(farmer education) and intensi?cation increased 
the yield of maize.

How to increase crops’ nitrogen uptake and use efficiency is also an
important research because nitrogenous compounds in fertilizers contribute to
waterway eutrophication and GHG emissions. “There is a critical need to get
beyond popular biases against the use of agricultural biotechnology and develop
forward-looking regulatory frameworks based on scientific evidence.” ( Federoff
et. al. ,2017) 

Escalating
crop demand has corresponding impacts that will  depend on the trajectory along which global
agriculture develops. The minimization of the GHG impacts of agriculture  and the preservation of global biodiversity
may well hinge on this trajectory. “Adoption and  technology transfers to under yielding
nations, enhances their soil fertility, employs more ef?cient nutrient use
worldwide, and minimizes land clearing. This provides a promising path to more
environmentally sustainable agricultural intensi?cation and more equitable
global food supplies (Tilma,2011).

International concerns with regard to food security have shifted in the
last three decades. In the 1960’s and early 1970’s, with rising world gain
prices, fears arose that the world would not run out of food in the near future
as its population grew even larger. Major improvements in the agricultural
productivity, particularly the impact of “Green Revolution” on wheat and rice, have
removed that fear despite a population that increased from 1.6 billion in 1900
to 6.1 billion by 2000. Today, the expectation is that new advances in
agriculture, particularly in biotechnology, will increase agricultural
productivity sufficiently to feed a world population.

The performance of crops, wild species, livestock and aquatic resources
under stress depends on the inherent genetic capacity and on the whole
agroecosystems in which they are managed. For that reason, any serious effort
to increase resilience of developing country agriculture in the face of climate
change must involve the adoption of stress tolerant crop varieties and animal
breeds as well as a more prudent management of crops, animals and natural
resources that sustain their production while providing other vital services
for people and the environment.

In the advent of climate change, plant breeders should more emphasis on
development of drought and flood resistant crops. Research is needed to define
the current limits to these resistances and the possibility of manipulation
through modern genetic techniques. Both crop architecture and physiology may be
genetically altered to adapt to warmer and submerged environmental conditions.

At the regional level, those charged with planning for resource allocation
including land, air and water, and agricultural development should take climate
change into account. In some regions, it may be appropriate to take a second
look at traditional technologies on crops as a way to cope with climate change.
In coastal areas, agricultural land may be flooded or salinized; in continental
interiors and other locations, droughts may increase. These eventualities can
be dealt with more easily if anticipated.

Federoff et. al. (2017) stated that recent reports on food security
emphasize the gains that can be made by bringing existing food science
technology and  agronomic technology
and  “know how technology” to people who
do not yet have it.  This requires
building local educational, food processing capability, storage capacity, and
other aspects of agribusiness, and also technical, and research capacity,  as well as rural transportation and water and
communications infrastructure.

The
search for viable and sustainable solutions to address the challenges of an emerging
drought/drylands and flood prone areas in the Philippines should bring into
focus a diverse range of approaches and development options, one of which is
access to and use of knowledge, science and technology and innovation.
Potential strategies and likely determinants of success and failure with regard
to this challenge are summarized below:

–         
Innovate and adapt the best practices on
drought/dryland and deepwater farming experience by other  countries especially technologies developed

–         
Improve knowledge of drought/drylands and
wetlands and the indigenous communities including traditional agricultural
practices

–         
Improve research-extension-farmer
(community ) linkages and cooperation

–         
Integrate traditional knowledge with
innovative technology

–         
Improve stake holders participation in
research ,training and extension, awareness and education programs (e.g. gender,
youth, indigenous communities) and create an institution and capability
building in anticipation of a “clear and present danger” of a fast changing agricultural
landscape.

 

Today, for the
agricultural sector to remain knowledgeable, competitive and accurate, access
to as much organized information as possible is a necessity including the
adoption of space technologies as part of new generation of tools which help
scientists and decision makers obtain and handle the required information.
Information about availability and status of natural resources will no doubt
increase considerably with the availability of satellite imagery. Scientists
and policy makers should recognize the merits of space technologies for
analyzing the wide range of climatic and land use data for strategic planning
and generating tactical maps to reverse the trend of environmental degradation
and declining assets and achieve sustainable development. To be effective,
strategies to increase agricultural production must be supported by sound
government policies and an improved flow of information among farmers,
scientists and policy makers.

 

Enhance local capacity
building by means of tailor made short training courses for senior decision
makers and intermediate duration for technical experts/analysts to train them
how to integrate the use of space technologies. Close cooperation on research
and development, education and training will be the key to success in
developing global information networks and redressing current imbalances
between North and South in access to databases, ICT (Information and
Communication Technology) and decision support tools for managing Earth
resources and environment and ensuring sustainability. The success or failure
of space technology is mainly attributed to the organization’s inherent
receptivity and its ability to sustain development of these new innovations.

 

The capability of space
technologies to provide vital inputs towards achieving food and environmental
security, government should embarked upon a program to adopt to his technology
in the Local Government Unit (LGU) level. The application of space technologies
combined with bio-physical, socio-economic, and demographic and technological
inputs to rapidly initiate sustainable and integrated strategies across the
country for increasing agricultural productivity is no mote an option but has
become the most important imperative if we have to avoid large scale starvation
and poverty of people in the coming decades. Using space technologies and
modelling tools as a decision support system in agriculture and natural
resources and local governance is no longer a luxury for scientists and policy
makers but a necessity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Economic Dimension

x

Hi!
I'm Kara!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out